Education takes place in the context of larger systems. These include educational programmes and schemes, policies and initiatives. In this course, we explore the institutional design of the school system in India, looking at structure, processes and actors. The school system in India has been shaped across historical time and political and economic contexts which we will study with institutional theory and political economy analysis. We examine how ideological and political orientations have shaped educational policies, and what outcome and implications policy choices have. It is important that you learn about policy environment and organisational subsystems like school, DIET and DPI.