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Harini Nagendra


Harini Nagendra is a Professor of Sustainability at Azim Premji University. Her recent book "Nature in the City: Bengaluru in the Past, Present, and Future" (Oxford University Press India, 2016) examines the transformation of human-nature interactions in Bangalore from the 6th century CE to the present, addressing the implications of such change for the urban sustainability of fast-growing cities in the global South. The book was listed by the science journal Nature as one of the five best science picks of the week in its issue of July 28 2016.

Prof. Nagendra is an ecologist who uses satellite remote sensing coupled with field studies of biodiversity, archival research, institutional analysis, and community interviews to examine the factors shaping the social-ecological sustainability of forests and cities in the south Asian context. She completed her PhD from the Centre for Ecological Sciences in the Indian Institute of Science in 1998. Since then, she has conducted research and taught at multiple institutions, and was most recently a Hubert H Humphrey Distinguished Visiting Professor at Macalester College, Saint Paul, Minnesota in 2013. She is a recipient of numerous awards for her research, including a 2013 Elinor Ostrom Senior Scholar award for her research and practice on issues of the urban commons, and a 2009 Cozzarelli Prize from the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA (with Elinor Ostrom) amongst other awards and recognitions.

Harini Nagendra has authored two books, close to 150 peer reviewed publications, and communicates her research for the public through newspaper and magazine articles, science blogs, and public talks. She also engages with international research on global environmental change, and is on the Scientific Steering Committees of the Global Land Project, and the Programme for Ecosystem Change and Society. In the past, she has served as a Steering Committee Member of Diversitas and a Capacity Building Committee member of the Asia Pacific Network for Global Environmental Change, and was a Lead Author of the 5th IPCC Report - Working Group III.

Academic Qualifications

Dec. 1998: Ph.D., Centre for Ecological Sciences, Indian Institute of Science
March 1995: M.S., Biological Sciences, Indian Institute of Science
July 1992: B.Sc., Bangalore University


Ecology and development; Sustainability: An interdisciplinary exploration; Sustainability in planning and practice; Land change and sustainability

Areas of Interest

Urban sustainability; Ecology and development; Land change; Biodiversity and conservation

Research Interests

Harini's research has three major strands. First, she examines the impact of rapid urbanization on ecological sustainability in India, drawing on a long term programme of research, education and outreach conducted across multiple Indian cities. Second, she studies the drivers and outcomes of land change in forested landscapes in South Asia. Third, she explores the use of satellite remote sensing technology for biodiversity assessment and conservation.

Publications and Writings

Journal Articles

  • M. Niphadkar and H. Nagendra. Remote sensing of invasive plants: bringing ecology in the picture. International Journal of Remote Sensing 37: 3074-3085.
  • M. Adamo, C. Tarantino, V. Tomaselli, G. Veronico, H. Nagendra and P. Blonda (2016). Habitat mapping of coastal wetlands using expert knowledge and Earth Observation (EO) data. Journal of Applied Ecology, DOI 10.1111/1365-2664.126952.
  • D. Gopal, M. Manthey and H. Nagendra. Vegetation in slums of Bangalore, India: Composition, distribution, diversity and history. 2015. Environmental Management. DOI 10.1007/s00267-015-0467-3.
  • D. Rocchini, V. Andero, M. Forster, C.X. Garzon-Lopez, A.P. Gutierrez, T.W. Gillespie, H. Hauffe, K.S. He, B. Kleinschmit, P. Mairota, M. Marcantonio, M. Metz, H. Nagendra, S. Pareeth, L. Ponti, C. Ricotta, A. Rizzoli, G. Schaab, M. Zebisch, R. Zorer and M. Neteler. 2015. Potential of remote sensing to predict species invasions - a modeling perspective. Progress in Physical Geography. DOI 10.1177/0309133315574659.
  • M. Niphadkar, G.F. Ficetola, A. Bonardi, H. Nagendra, E. Padoa-Schioppa. Effects of landscape context on the invasive species Lantana camara in Biligiri Rangaswamy Temple Tiger Reserve, India. Forthcoming in Tropical Ecology.
  • N. Pettorelli, H. Nagendra, R. Williams, D. Rocchini and E. Fleishman (2014). A new platform to support research at the interface of remote sensing, ecology and conservation. Remote Sensing in Ecology and Conservation DOI: 10.1002/rse2.1.
  • S. Paul and H. Nagendra (2015). Vegetation change and fragmentation in the mega city of Delhi: mapping 25 years of change. Applied Geography 58: 153-166.
  • H. Nagendra, P. Mairota, C. Marangi, R. Lucas, P. Dimopoulos, J.P. Honrado, M. Niphadkar, C.A. Mucher, V. Tomaselli, M. Panitsa, C. Tarantino, I. Manakos and P.Blonda (2015). Satellite remote sensing to monitor pressure in protected areas. International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation 37: 124-132.
  • S. Mundoli, B. Manjunatha and H. Nagendra (2014). Effects of urbanization on the use of lakes as commons in the peri-urban interface of Bengaluru, India. International Journal of Sustainable Urban Development DOI: 10.1080/19463138.2014.982124.
  • P. Mairota, B. Cafarelli, R. Labadessaa, F. Lovergine, C. Tarantino, R.M. Lucas, H. Nagendra and R.K. Didham (2015). Very high resolution Earth Observation features for monitoring plant and animal community structure across multiple spatial scales in protected areas. International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation 37: 100-105.
  • P. Mairota, B. Cafarelli, R. Labadessaa, F. Lovergine, C. Tarantino, H. Nagendra and R.K. Didham (2015). Very high resolution Earth Observation features for testing the direct and indirect effects of landscape structure on local habitat quality. International Journal of Applied Earth Observations and Geoinformation 34: 96-102.
  • S. Diaz, S. Demissew, J. Carabias, C. Joly, M. Lonsdale, N. Ash, A. Larigauderie, J.R. Adhikari, S. Arico, A. Baldi, A. Bartuska, I. A. Baste, A. Bilgin, E. Brondizio, K.M.A. Chan, V.E. Figueroa, A. Duraiappah, M. Fischer, R. Hill, T. Koetz, P. Leadley, P. Lyver, G.M. Mace, B. Martin-Lopez, M. Okumura, D. Pacheco, U. Pascual, E. S. Perez, B. Reyers, E. Roth, O. Saito, R. J. Scholes, N. Sharma, H. Tallis, R. Thaman, R. Watson, T. Yahara, Z.A. Hamid, C. Akosim, Y. Al-Hafedh, R. Allahverdiyev, E. Amankwah, T.S. Asah, Z. Asfaw, G. Bartus, A.L. Brooks, J. Caillaux, G. Dalle, D. Darnaedi, A. Driver, G. Erpul, P. Escobar-Eyzaguirre, P. Failler, A.M.M. Fouda, B. Fu, H. Gundimeda, S. Hashimoto, F. Homer, S. Lavorel, G. Lichtenstein, W.A. Mala, W. Mandivenyi, P. Matczak, C. Mbizvo, M. Mehrdadi, J.P. Metzger, J.B. Mikissa, H. Moller, H.A. Mooney, P. Mumby, H. Nagendra, C. Nesshover, A.A. Oteng-Yeboah, G. Pataki, M. Roue, J. Rubis, M. Schultz, P. Smith, R. Sumaila, K. Takeuchi, S. Thomas, M. Verma, Y. Yeo-Chang, D. Zlatanova (2016). The IPBES Conceptual Framework - connecting nature and people. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability 14: 1-16.
  • H. Unnikrishnan and H. Nagendra (2014). Privatization of the commons: impact on ecosystem services in Bangalore's lakes. Urban Ecosystems, DOI 10.1007/s11252-014-0401-0.
  • H. Tallis, J. Lubchenco et al (with 238 co-signatories) (2014). A call for inclusive conservation. Nature 515: 27.
  • H. Unnikrishnan and H. Nagendra (2014). Unruly commons: contestations around Sampangi lake in Bangalore. Nehru Memorial Museum and Library Occasional Paper: Perspectives in Indian Development New Series, No. 39.
  • H. Nagendra and E. Ostrom (2014). Applying the social-ecological systems framework to the diagnoses of urban commons. Ecology and Society 19(2): 67.
  • S. Adhikari, J. Southworth and H. Nagendra (2014). Understanding forest loss and recovery: a spatio-temporal analysis of land change in and around Bannerghatta National Park, India. Journal of Land Use Change DOI 10.1080/1747423X.2014.920425, published 29 May .
  • D. Gopal and H. Nagendra (2014). Vegetation in Bangalore's slums: Boosting livelihoods, well-being and social capital. Sustainability 6: 2459-2473.
  • N. Pettorelli, W.F. Laurance, T. O'Brien, M. Wegmann, H. Nagendra and W. Turner (2014). Satellite remote sensing for applied ecologists: opportunities and challenges. Journal of Applied Ecology 51: 839-848.
  • H. Nagendra, R. Ghate and J. Rao (2014). Governing India's commons: the influence of Elinor Ostrom's ideas. IUCN Policy Matters 19: 11-22.
  • H. Nagendra, H. S. Sudhira, M. Katti, M. Tengo and M. Schewenius (2014). La urbanizacion y su impacto sobre el uso de la tierra, la biodiversidad y los ecosistemas en la India. Interdisciplina 2: 169-178. (Adapted from Nagendra, Sudhira, Katti et al. 2013).
  • H. Nagendra, H. Unnikrishnan and S. Sen (2014). Villages in the city: spatial and temporal heterogeneity in rurality and urbanity in Bangalore, India. LAND 3: 1-18.
  • P. Mairota, V. Leronni, W. Xi, D. Mladenoff and H. Nagendra (2014). Using spatial simulations of habitat modification for adaptive management of protected areas: Mediterranean grassland modification by woody plant encroachment. Environmental Conservation 41: 144-156.
  • M. Jaganmohan, L.S. Vailshery and H. Nagendra (2013). Patterns of insect abundance and distribution in urban domestic gardens in Bangalore, India. Diversity 5: 767-778.
  • J.R. Matta, R. Ghate and H. Nagendra (2013). The sustainability of traditional community forest management systems: lessons from India. Unasylva 240: 50-56.
  • H. Nagendra, B. Reyers and S. Lavorel (2013). Impacts of land change on biodiversity: making the link to ecosystem services. Current Opinions in Environmental Sustainability 5: 503-508.
  • L.S. Vailshery, M. Jaganmohan and H. Nagendra (2013). Effect of street trees on microclimate and air pollution in a tropical city. Urban Forestry and Urban Greening 12: 408-415.
  • S. Agarwal, L.S. Vailshery, M. Jaganmohan and H. Nagendra (2013). Mapping urban tree species using very high resolution satellite imagery: comparing pixel-based and object-based approaches. ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information 2: 220-236.
  • V. Tomaselli, P. Dimopoulos, C. Marangi, A.S. Kallimanis, M. Adamo, C. Tarantino, M. Panitsa, M. Terzi, G. Veronico, F. Lovergine, H. Nagendra, R. Lucas, P. Mairota, S. Mucher and P. Blonda (2013). Translating land cover/land use classifications to habitat taxonomies for landscape monitoring: a Mediterranean assessment. Landscape Ecology 28: 905-930.
  • H. Nagendra, R. Ghate and J. Rao (2013). Governing the commons. Seminar India 641: 88-93.
  • H. Nagendra, R. Lucas, J.P. Honrado, R.H.G. Jongman, C. Tarantino, M. Adamo, P. Mairota (2013). Remote sensing for conservation monitoring: Assessing protected areas, habitat extent, habitat condition, species diversity and threats. Ecological Indicators 33: 45-59.
  • P. Mairota, B. Cafarelli, L. Boccaccio, V. Leronni, R. Labadessa, V. Kosmidou, H. Nagendra (2013). Using landscape structure to develop quantitative baselines for protected area monitoring. Ecological Indicators 33: 82-95.
  • D. Rocchini, L. Delucchi, G. Bacaro, P. Cavallini, H. Feilhauer, G.M. Foody, K.S. He, H. Nagendra, C. Porta, C. Ricotta, S. Schmidtlein, L.D. Spano, M. Wegmann, M. Neteler (2012). Calculating landscape diversity with information theory-based indices: A Grass GIS solution. Ecological Informatics 72: 82-93.
  • D. Rocchini, G.M. Foody, H. Nagendra, C. Ricotta, M. Anand, K.S. He, V. Amici, B. Kleinschmit, M. Forster, S. Schmidtlein, H. Feilhauer, A. Ghisla, M. Metz, M. Neteler (2013). Uncertainty in ecosystem mapping by remote sensing. Computers and Geosciences 50: 128-135
  • H. Nagendra and E. Ostrom (2012). Polycentric governance of forest resources. International Journal of the Commons 6: 104-133.
  • M. Jaganmohan, L.S. Vailshery, D. Gopal and H. Nagendra (2012). Plant diversity and distribution in urban domestic gardens and apartments in Bangalore, India. Urban Ecosystems 15: 911-925.
  • H. Nagendra, S. Nagendran, S. Paul and S. Pareeth (2012). Graying, greening and fragmentation in the rapidly expanding Indian city of Bangalore. Landscape and Urban Planning 105: 400-406.
  • M. Iyer, H. Nagendra and M.B. Rajani (2012). Using satellite imagery and historical maps to investigate the contours of Lalbagh. Current Science 102: 507-509.
  • J. Southworth, H. Nagendra and L. Cassidy (2012). Forest transition pathways in Asia: Studies from Nepal, India, Thailand and Cambodia. Journal of Land Use Science, 7(1): 51-65.
  • H. Nagendra (2012). Assessing relatedness and redundancy of forest monitoring and change indicators. Journal of Environmental Management 95: 108-113.
  • P. Mondal and H. Nagendra (2011). Trends of forest dynamics in tiger landscapes across Asia. Environmental Management 48: 781-794.
  • H. Nagendra and E. Ostrom (2011). The challenge of forest diagnostics. Ecology and Society 16: 20. [online] URL:
  • R. D'Souza and H. Nagendra (2011). Changes in public commons as a consequence of urbanization: the Agara lake in Bangalore, India. Environmental Management 47: 840-850.
  • K.S. He, D. Rocchini, M. Neteler and H. Nagendra (2011). Benefits of hyperspectral remote sensing for tracking plant invasions. Diversity and Distributions 17: 381-392.
  • H. Nagendra and D. Gopal (2011). Tree diversity, distribution, history and change in urban parks. Urban Ecosystems 14: 211-223.
  • D. Rocchini, N. Balkenhol, G.A. Carter, G.M. Foody, T.W. Gillespie, K.S. He, S. Kark, N. Levin, K. Lucas, M. Luoto, H. Nagendra, J. Oldeland, C. Ricotta, J. Southworth and M. Neteler (2010). Remotely sensed spectral heterogeneity as a proxy of species diversity: recent advances and open challenges. Ecological Informatics 5: 318-329.
  • H. Nagendra, D. Rocchini and R. Ghate (2010). Beyond parks as monoliths: Spatially differentiating park-people relationships in the Tadoba Andhari Tiger Reserve in India. Biological Conservation 143: 2900-2908.
  • H. Nagendra and D. Gopal (2010). Street trees in Bangalore: Density, diversity, composition and distribution. Urban Forestry and Urban Greening 9: 129-137.
  • H. Nagendra, D. Rocchini, R. Ghate, B. Sharma and S. Pareeth (2010). Assessing plant diversity in a dry tropical forest: Comparing the utility of Landsat and IKONOS satellite images. Remote Sensing 2: 478-496.
  • N. Lele, H. Nagendra and J. Southworth (2010). Accessibility, demography and protection: Drivers of forest stability and change at multiple scales in the Cauvery basin, India. Remote Sensing 2: 306-323.
  • H. Nagendra (2010). Maps, lakes and citizens. Seminar India 613: 19-23.
  • H. Nagendra and R. Gadagkar (2009). Society and science: interdisciplinary exchanges. Current Science 97: 1513-1514.
  • H. Nagendra (2009). Drivers of regrowth in South Asia's human impacted forests. Current Science 97: 1586-1592.
  • H. Nagendra, S. Pareeth, S. Paul and S. Dutt (2009). Landscapes of protection: forest change and fragmentation in northern West Bengal, India. Environmental Management 44: 853-864.
  • H. Nagendra and R. Ghate (2009). Ostrom on India and Nepal. Economic and Political Weekly 44: 4.
  • D. Rocchini, H. Nagendra, R. Ghate and B. Cade (2009). Spectral distance decay: assessing species beta-diversity by quantile regression. Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing 75: 1225-1230.
  • R. Ghate, D. Mehra and H. Nagendra (2009). Local institutions as mediators of the impact of markets on non-timber forest product extraction in central India. Environmental Conservation 36: 51-61.
  • H. Nagendra and D. Rocchini (2008). High resolution satellite imagery for tropical biodiversity studies: the devil is in the detail. Biodiversity and Conservation 17: 3431-3442.
  • H. Nagendra (2008). Do parks work? Impact of protected areas on land cover clearing. Ambio 37:330-337.
  • H. Nagendra and Y. Gokhale (2008). Management regimes, property rights, and forest biodiversity in Nepal and India. Environmental Management 41:719-733.
  • H. Nagendra, S. Pareeth, B. Sharma, C.M. Schweik and K.R. Adhikari (2008). Forest fragmentation and regrowth in an institutional mosaic of community, government and private ownership in Nepal. Landscape Ecology 23: 41-54.
  • D.K. Munroe, H. Nagendra and J. Southworth (2007). Monitoring landscape fragmentation in an inaccessible mountain area: Celaque National Park, Western Honduras. Landscape and Urban Planning 83: 154-167.
  • H. Nagendra (2007). Drivers of reforestation in human-dominated forests. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 104: 15218-15223.
  • E. Ostrom and H. Nagendra (2007). Tenure alone is not sufficient: monitoring is essential. Environmental Economics and Policy Studies 8: 175-199.
  • H. Nagendra (2007). Communities and conservation. Seminar India 577: 45-50.
  • E. Ostrom and H. Nagendra (2006). Insights on Linking Forests, Trees, and People from the Air, on the Ground, and in the Lab. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 103: 19224-19331.
  • J. Southworth, H. Nagendra and D. K. Munroe (2006). Are parks working? Exploring human-environment tradeoffs in protected area conservation. Applied Geography 26: 87-95.
  • H. Nagendra, S. Pareeth and R. Ghate (2006). People within parks: forest villages, land-cover change and landscape fragmentation in the Tadoba-Andhari Tiger Reserve, India. Applied Geography 26: 96-112.
  • R. Ghate and H. Nagendra (2005). Role of monitoring in institutional performance: forest management in Maharashtra, India. Conservation and Society 3: 509-532.
  • H. Nagendra, M. Karmacharya and B. Karna (2005). Evaluating forest management in Nepal: views across time and space. Ecology and Society 10: 24. [online] URL:
  • H. Nagendra, B. Karna and M. Karmacharya (2005). Examining institutional change: social conflict in Nepal's leasehold forestry programme. Conservation and Society 3: 72-91.
  • C.M. Tucker, D.K. Munroe, H. Nagendra and J. Southworth (2005). Comparative spatial analyses of forest conservation and change in Honduras and Guatemala. Conservation and Society 3: 174-200.
  • H. Nagendra, J. Southworth, C.Tucker, M. Karmacharya, B. Karna and L.A. Carlson (2004). Monitoring parks through remote sensing: Studies in Nepal and Honduras. Environmental Management 34: 748-760.
  • H. Nagendra, D. Munroe and J. Southworth (2004). From pattern to process: landscape fragmentation and the analysis of land use/land cover change. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 101: 111-115.
  • J. Southworth, H. Nagendra, L. Carlson and C. Tucker (2004). Assessing the impact of Celaque National Park on forest fragmentation in western Honduras. Applied Geography 24: 303-322.
  • J. Southworth, D. Munroe and H. Nagendra (2004). Land cover change and landscape fragmentation: comparing the utility of continuous and discrete analyses for a study area in Western Honduras. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 101: 185-205.
  • H. Nagendra, J. Southworth and C. Tucker (2003). Accessibility as a determinant of landscape transformation in Western Honduras: linking pattern and process. Landscape Ecology 18: 141-158.
  • H. Nagendra and G. Utkarsh (2003). Landscape ecological planning through a multi-scale characterization of pattern: studies in the Western Ghats, South India. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 87: 815-833.
  • C. Schweik, H. Nagendra and D.R. Sinha (2003). Using satellites to search for forest management innovations in Nepal. Ambio 32: 312-319.
  • H. Nagendra (2002). Tenure and forest conditions: Community forestry in the Nepal Terai. Environmental Conservation, 29(4), 530-539.
  • H. Nagendra (2002). Opposite response of the Shannon and Simpson indices of landscape diversity. Applied Geography 22: 175-186.
  • J. Southworth, H. Nagendra and C.M. Tucker (2002). Fragmentation of a landscape: Incorporating landscape metrics into satellite analyses of land cover change. Landscape Research 27: 253-269.
  • H. Nagendra (2001). Using remote sensing to assess biodiversity. International Journal of Remote Sensing 22: 2377-2400.
  • H. Nagendra (2001). Incorporating landscape transformation into local conservation prioritization: A case study in the Western Ghats, India. Biodiversity and Conservation, 10: 353-365.
  • H. Nagendra and M. Gadgil (1999). Biodiversity assessment at multiple scales: Linking remotely sensed data with field information. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 96: 9154-9158.
  • H. Nagendra and M. Gadgil (1999). Satellite imagery as a tool for monitoring species diversity: an assessment. Journal of Applied Ecology 36: 388-397.
  • H. Nagendra and M. Gadgil (1998). Linking regional and landscape scales for assessing biodiversity: A case study from Western Ghats. Current Science 75: 264-271.
  • H. Nagendra and M. Gadgil (1997). Remote sensing as a tool for estimating biodiversity. Journal of Spacecraft Technology 7: 1-9.


H. Nagendra and J. Southworth, eds (2010). Reforesting Landscapes: Pattern and Process. Springer Landscape Series, Dordrecht, The Netherlands.

Book Chapters

  • H. Nagendra, R. Sivaram and S. Subramanya. Citizen action and lake restoration in Bengaluru (2014). Forthcoming in Nature Without Borders, eds. M. Rangarajan, G. Shahabuddin and M.D. Madhusudan, Orient Blackswan.
  • Seto K.C., S. Dhakal, A. Bigio, H. Blanco, G.C. Delgado, D. Dewar, L. Huang, A. Inaba, A. Kansal, S. Lwasa, J.E. McMahon, D.B. Muller, J. Murakami, H. Nagendra, and A. Ramaswami, 2014: Human Settlements, Infrastructure and Spatial Planning. In: Climate Change 2014: Mitigation of Climate Change. Contribution of Working Group III to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Edenhofer, O., R. Pichs-Madruga, Y. Sokona, E. Farahani, S. Kadner, K. Seyboth, A. Adler, I. Baum, S. Brunner, P. Eickemeier, B. Kriemann, J. Savolainen, S. Schlomer, C. von Stechow, T. Zwickel and J.C. Minx (eds.)]. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA.
  • D. Rocchini, A. M. Olteanu-Raimond, L. Delucchi, S. Pareeth, M. Neteler and H. Nagendra. Sensing technologies and their integration with maps: mapping landscape heterogeneity by satellite imagery. In Thematic Cartography for the Society, eds T. Bandrova, M. Konecny, S. Zlatanova, Springer, New York, pp. 259-273..
  • C.G. Boone, C. L. Redman, H. Blanco, D. Haase, J. Koch, S. Lwasa, H. Nagendra, Pauleit, S.T.A. Pickett, K.C. Seto, and M. Yokohari (2014). Reconceptualizing land for sustainable urbanity. In Rethinking Global Land Use in an Urban Era, ed. K. C. Seto, A. Reenberg. Cambridge: MIT Press, Chapter 15, pp. 313-330.
  • J. Liu, V. Hull, E. Moran, H. Nagendra, S. Swaffield, and B.L. Turner II (2014). Applications of the tele-coupling framework to land change science. In Rethinking Global Land Use in an Urban Era, ed. K. C. Seto, A. Reenberg. Cambridge: MIT Press, Chapter 7, pp. 119-139.
  • T. Elmqvist, M. Fragkias, J. Goodness, B. Guneralp, R. McDonald, P. Marcotullio, R.I. McDonald, S. Parnell, M. Schewenius, M. Sandstad, K.C. Seto, C. Wilkinson, with: M. Alberti, C. Folke, N. Frantzeskaki, D. Haase, M. Katti, H. Nagendra, J. Niemela, S.T.A. Pickett, C.L. Redman, K. Tidball (2013). Stewardship of the Biosphere in the Urban Era. In Urbanization, Biodiversity, and Ecosystem Services: Challenges and Opportunities, ed. T. Elmqvist et al., Chapter 33, pp. 719-746.
  • H. Nagendra, H.S. Sudhira, M. Katti and M. Schewenius (2013). Sub-regional assessment of India: Effects of urbanization on land use, biodiversity and ecosystem services. In Urbanization, Biodiversity, and Ecosystem Services: Challenges and Opportunities, ed. Thomas Elmqvist et al., Chapter 6, pp. 65-74 .
  • H.S. Sudhira and H. Nagendra (2013). Local assessment of Bangalore: Graying and greening in Bangalore - Impacts of urbanization on ecosystems, ecosystem services and biodiversity. In Urbanization, Biodiversity, and Ecosystem Services: Challenges and Opportunities, ed. T. Elmqvist et al., Chapter 7, pp. 65-74.
  • H. Nagendra, P. Mondal, S. Adhikari, and J. Southworth (2012). Peopled parks: Forest change in India's protected landscapes. In Human-Environment Interactions: Current and Future Directions, eds. E. Brondizio and E. F. Moran, Springer, Dordrecht, pp. 113-140.
  • R. Ghate, H. Nagendra, and D. Mehra. (2012) Is JFM really helping communities and forests? Need to focus on institution building. In Environmental Governance: Approaches, Imperatives and Methods, eds H. Bandyopadhyay, K. Chopra and N. Ghosh, Bloomsbury, New Delhi, pp. 163-189.
  • P. Blonda, P. Dimopoulos, M. Petrou, R. Jongman, H. Nagendra, D. Iasillo, A. Arnoud, P. Mairota, J. Jhonrado, E. P. Schioppa, R. Lucas, L. Durieux, L. Candela, J. Inglada (2012). BIOdiversity Multi-source Monitoring System: from Space TO Species (BIO_SOS). In Let's embrace space - space research achievements under the 7th programme, Volume II, pp. 32-42, Publication Office of the European Union.
  • D. Rocchini, N. Balkhenol, L. Delucchi, A. Ghisla, H.C. Hauffe, A.R. Imre, F. Jordan, H. Nagendra, D. Neale, C. Ricotta, C. Varotto, C. Vernesi, M. Wegmann, T. Wohlgemuth and M. Neteler. Spatial algorithms applied to landscape diversity estimate from remote sensing data. Forthcoming in Models of the Ecological Hierarchy from Molecules to the Ecosphere, eds. F. Jordan and S.E. Jorgensen, Elsevier BV, pp. 391-411.
  • H. Nagendra and J. Southworth (2010). Reforestation: Challenges and themes in reforestation research. In Reforesting Landscapes: Pattern and Process, eds H. Nagendra and J. Southworth, Springer Landscape Series, Dordrecht, pp 1-14.
  • H. Nagendra (2010). Reforestation and regrowth in the human dominated landscapes of South Asia. In Reforesting Landscapes: Pattern and Process, eds H. Nagendra and J. Southworth, Springer Landscape Series, Dordrecht, pp 149-174.
  • J. Southworth and H. Nagendra (2010). Reforestation: Conclusions and implications. In Reforesting Landscapes: Pattern and Process, eds H. Nagendra and J. Southworth, Springer Landscape Series, Dordrecht, pp 357-367.
  • H. Nagendra (2010). Landscape biodiversity. Pp 1701-1703 in Encyclopedia of Geography volume 4, ed. B. Warf, Sage Publications.
  • H. Nagendra, M. Karmacharya and B. Karna (2007). Disentangling a complex web: Forests, people and decentralization in Nepal. Pp 209-231 in Decentralization, Forests and Rural Communities: Policy Outcomes in South and Southeast Asia, eds. Edward Webb and Ganesh Shivakoti, Sage Publications, New Delhi.
  • E. Ostrom and H. Nagendra (Lead Authors); Peter Saundry (Topic Editor). 2007. Governing the commons in the new millennium: A diversity of institutions for natural resource management. In: Encyclopedia of Earth. Eds. Cutler J. Cleveland (Washington, D.C.: Environmental Information Coalition, National Council for Science and the Environment). [First published in the Encyclopedia of Earth November 16, 2007; Last revised November 17, 2007; Retrieved November 19, 2007]. .
  • H. Nagendra and E. Ostrom (2007). Institutions, collective action and forest degradation: Learning from studies in Nepal. In The Sage Handbook of Environment and Society, eds. J. Pretty, A. Ball, T. Benton, J. Guivant, D. R. Lee, D. Orr, M. J. Pfeffer and H. Ward, Sage Publications, London, pp 578-589.
  • H. Nagendra. 2006. Entries in Our Earth's Changing Land: An Encyclopedia of Land-Use and Land-Cover Change, 2 vols., ed. Helmut Geist. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press.
    Community Involvement, p. 137.
    Decentralization, p. 155.
    Forest Anomalies, p. 239.
    Himalayas, pp. 281-285.
    Reforestation, pp. 501-502.
  • J. Unruh, H. Nagendra, G.M. Green, B.J. McConnell and N. Vogt (2005). Cross-continental comparisons: Africa and Asia. In Seeing the Forest and the Trees: Human-Environment Interactions in Forested Ecosystems, eds. Emilio Moran and Elinor Ostrom, MIT Press, Cambridge Massachusetts, pp. 303-324.
  • G. Joseph, J. Krishnaswamy, B. Talukdar and H. Nagendra (2004). The Phobjikha Wetland, the Black-necked Cranes and Community Livelihoods: An Integrated Assessment. For the Royal Society for the Protection of Nature (RSPN) Bhutan.
  • H. Nagendra and C.M. Schweik (2004). Forests and management: A case study in Nepal using Remote Sensing and GIS. In 100 Geographic Solutions to Saving Planet Earth: Association of American Geographers Centennial Volume, eds. B. Warf, K. Hansen, and D. Janelle. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Boston, USA, pp. 391-396.
  • J. Southworth, D. Munroe, H. Nagendra and C.M. Tucker (2004). Forest degradation and fragmentation within Celaque National Park, Honduras. In 100 Geographic Solutions to Saving Planet Earth: Association of American Geographers Centennial Volume, eds. B. Warf, K. Hansen, and D. Janelle. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Boston, USA, pp. 305-310.
  • K.P. Achar, G. K. Bhatta, D. D. Bhat, A. Ganguly, Y. Gokhale, H. Nagendra, P. Pramod and G. Utkarsh. (2000). Linking college education to environmental monitoring and management: A case study from India. In Communicating Sustainability, ed. W. L. Filho, pp 205-228. Peter Lang Scientific Publishers, Bern, Switzerland.
  • M. Gadgil, S. N. Singh, H. Nagendra and M. D. S. Chandran. (1996). Guidelines for in-situ conservation of wild relatives of cultivated plants: guiding principles and a case study. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations and Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India.

Science Outreach

  • H. Nagendra (2015). The Wild Beast as the Other: Framing of urban wildlife in popular imagination. The Nature of Cities collective blog,, 15 February.
  • H. Unnikrishnan, L.S. Vailshery and H. Nagendra (2015). Lake walk and exploration. At Kaikondrahalli Lake Kere Habba, 10 January.
  • H. Nagendra (2014). Recreational activities in lake premises: what is wrong with it? Citizen Matters, 2 October,
  • H. Nagendra (2014). 'Reflections' on the receipt of the Elinor Ostrom Senior Scholar award. The Commons Digest, Spring 2014, pp. 16-18,
  • M. Schewenius, M. Tengo, H. Nagendra, M. Katti, T. Elmqvist (2014). What is the scope for nature in cities? Current Conservation, Special Issue on Urban Ecology, 8.2: 4-5.
  • M. Tengo, D. Gopal and H. Nagendra. Sacred trees in the urban landscape of Bangalore, India. Current Conservation, Special Issue on Urban Ecology, 8.2: 26-31.
  • H. Nagendra (2014). The cooperative governance of urban commons. The Nature of Cities collective blog,, 28 May.
  • H. Nagendra (2014). Biodiversity and the city - challenges for Bangalore. JLRexplore blog,, 16 May.
  • H. Nagendra (2014). Roundtable article in 'What are the social justice implications of urban ecology, and how can we make sure that "green cities" are not synonymous with "gentrified" or "exclusive" cities?'. The Nature of Cities collective blog,, 3 February.
  • H. Nagendra (2013). The village within the city - rurality in the era of globalization. The Nature of Cities collective blog,, 10 December.
  • H. Nagendra (2013). Equity in the urban commons. The Nature of Cities collective blog,, 26 June.
  • H. Nagendra (2013). Biodiversity and the city - challenges for India. The Nature of Cities collective blog,, 6 February.
  • H. Nagendra (2012). Nobel Laureate, supporter of Bengaluru's lake revival, passes away. Citizen Matters, 20 June.
  • H. Nagendra, M. Jaganmohan, L.S. Vailshery, D. Gopal (2012). Biodiversity in patches. Deccan Herald, 12 June.
  • H. Nagendra (2012). Use eye in the sky to manage forest cover. Economic Times, 12 May.
  • H. Nagendra (2012). A tale of two lakes: collective action in cities. The Nature of Cities collective blog,, 7 October.
  • H. Nagendra (2012). Biodiversity and the city: Challenges for Bengaluru. Expert Perspectives in The Imperative of Hope: WIPRO Sustainability Report 2010-2011, pp. 46-48.
  • H. Nagendra (2011). Green were the citizens? Citizen Matters, 11 July.
  • H. Nagendra (2011). Role of communities: An eye on the forest. Deccan Herald, 14 June.
  • H. Nagendra (2011).Tree-killers having a free run in Bangalore. Deccan Herald, 4 January.
  • H. Nagendra (2011). We need city-level green plans. Daily News Analysis (DNA) Bangalore, 2 January.
  • H. Nagendra (2010). How green was my Mekhri circle. Bangalore Mirror, 28 December.
  • H. Nagendra (2010). Biodiversity and the city. The Hindu Survey of the Environment 2010.
  • H. Nagendra (2010). Ringing out the old. Deccan Herald, 31 August.
  • E. Ostrom and H. Nagendra (2010). Be diverse. In Our Planet: The Magazine of the United Nations Environmental Programme, May, pp 10-13.
  • H. Nagendra (2010). Whither giant trees? Deccan Herald, 6 July.
  • H. Nagendra (2010). Biodiversity must be priority of this decade. Daily News Analysis (DNA) Bangalore, 11 June.

Reports and Reviews

  • A.K. Duraiappah, C. Scherkenbach, N. Crossman, H. Nagendra, C. Ringler, M. Volk, S. Zelaya (2014). Land, Water, and People: From Cascading Effects to Integrated Flood and Drought Responses. Summary for Decision Makers, International Human Dimensions Programme on Global Environmental Change, Global Land Project, and Global Water System Project, Bonn Germany.
  • H. Nagendra, P. Blonda, R.H.G. Jongman (2012). The Biodiversity Multi-Source Monitoring System: From Space to Species (BIO_SOS) project. GLP News 09: Newsletter of the Global Land Project, pp. 17-19.
  • H. Nagendra, H.S. Sudhira, M. Katti, M. Tengo, M. Schwenius (2012). Urbanization, ecosystems and biodiversity: Assessments of India and Bangalore. Released at the Cities for Life Summit, parallel to the eleventh meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), 15th October 2012, Hyderabad India.
  • H. Nagendra (2012). Elinor Ostrom: 1933-2012. Current Science 103: 433-434.
  • K. Chopra, V. Dayal, R. Ghate, N. Ghosh, H. Nagendra (2012). Remembering Elinor Ostrom. Economic and Political Weekly 97: 23-25.
  • H. Nagendra, P.A. Kumar, N. Phalkey, L.S. Vailshery, M. Jaganmohan, S. Nagendran, G. Joseph (2012). Biodiversity, carbon, water assessment of an IT campus: tradeoffs, offsets, and enhancements. Ashoka Trust for Research in Ecology and the Environment and WIPRO, Bangalore, May 2012.
  • H. Nagendra (2011). Heterogeneity and collective action for forest management. Human Development Research Paper 2011/02, United Nations Development Programme Human Development Reports, November 2011.
  • H. Nagendra (2011). Urban green belts in the twenty-first century. Landscape Research 36: 706-708.
  • H. Nagendra. R. Sivaram, S. Subramanya (2011). Lakes of Mahadevpura constituency, Bangalore: current status, changes in distribution, and recommendations for restoration. Report prepared for Bengaluru Bruhat Mahanagara Palike, February 2011.
  • H. Nagendra (2008). Book review: Knowledge Systems and Natural Resources: Management, Policy and Institutions in Nepal. The Book Review October 2008, pp 38.
  • H. Nagendra (2008). Book review: Deforesting the Earth: From Prehistory to Global Crisis, M. Williams. Conservation and Society 6(3), 274-276.
  • H. Nagendra (2007). Book review: Democratizing Nature, A. Chhatre and V. Saberwal. The Book Review January 2008, pp 66.
  • H. Nagendra (2007). Book review: Tropical Forests: Regional Paths of Destruction and Regeneration in the Twentieth Century. Landscape Ecology 22(7): 1109-1111.
  • H. Nagendra (2006). Book review: The Kuhls of Kangra: Community Managed Irrigation in the Western Himalayas. Seminar 564.
  • H. Nagendra (2006). Book review: Working Forests in the Neotropics: Conservation through Sustainable Management? Environmental Conservation 33: 83.
  • H. Nagendra (2005). Book review: The Economics of Land Use, in The International Library of Environmental Economics and Policy, ed. Peter J. Parks & Ian W. Hardie. Landscape Research 30(4): 559-571.
  • H. Nagendra and A. Agrawal (2004) More people, more trees? Examining community forestry in Nepal's Terai. IHDP UPDATE: Newsletter of the International Human Dimensions Programme on Global Environmental Change, 01/04: 13.
  • C.M. Tucker, D.K. Munroe, J. Southworth and H. Nagendra (2004). Trading spaces: Following the impact of forest-coffee conversions on Honduran livelihoods. IHDP UPDATE: Newsletter of the International Human Dimensions Programme on Global Environmental Change, 01/04: 14-15.
  • H. Nagendra. (2003). From species to landscapes: Integrating remote sensing with biodiversity monitoring strategies. DIVERSITAS: An International Programme of Biodiversity Science: Newsletter 5: 8-9.
  • H. Nagendra. (2003). Book review: Bridging Human and Ecological Landscapes: Participatory Research and Sustainable Development in an Andean Agricultural Frontier, ed. R. E. Rhoades. Landscape Ecology 18(4): 445-446.
  • H. Nagendra. (2003). Book review: Late Night Thoughts on Listening to Mahler's Ninth Symphony, and The Youngest Science, by Lewis Thomas. Resonance: Journal of Science Education, 8(9), 90-91.
  • H. Nagendra. (2000). Book review: Digital Remote Sensing, by Prithvish Nag and M. Kudrat. Current Science, 79(6), pp. 903.
  • H. Nagendra. (2000). Book review: The Medusa and the Snail, by Lewis Thomas. Resonance: Journal of Science Education, 5(5), 102-103.
  • H. Nagendra. (2000). Book review: The Lives of a Cell, by Lewis Thomas. Resonance: Journal of Science Education, 5(2), 80-81.
  • H. Nagendra. (1999). Costs and benefits of social groups. Jantar Mantar: Children's Science Observatory, October 1999, 18-20.
  • H. Nagendra. (1999). Biodiversity in the Western Ghats. GIS@development: South Asia's first GIS/GPS bimonthly, 3(5) - September/October 1999, 36, 41.
  • H. Nagendra. (1999). Book review: Deep Vegetarianism by Michael Allen Fox. Electronic Green Journal [online] URL:
  • H. Nagendra. (1999). Re-discovering Nain Singh. Current Science, 77(5), 716-717.
  • H. Nagendra. (1999). Web site review: Game theory web site by Ken Prestwich. Resonance: Journal of Science Education, 4(8), 91-93.
  • H. Nagendra. (1999). Mapmakers: Techniques of cartography. Resonance: Journal of Science Education, 4(8), 8-15.
  • H. Nagendra. (1999). Mapmakers: Going places! Resonance: Journal of Science Education, 4(6), 8-14.
  • H. Nagendra. (1999). Mapmakers: The province of philosophers. Resonance: Journal of Science Education, 4(4), 6-11.
On-going Projects

Changes in urban ecosystems and urban commons in Indian cities, with a focus on Bengaluru and Delhi Conservation outside protected areas: forest change in central India


Curriculum Vitae

Harini Nagendra CV 2016

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