This course helps you understand the ways in which knowledge and power shaped modernity for the non-Western world, and India in particular. You will also learn how modernity as an idea was produced by an encounter of the West with non-Western locations. You will learn how modernity is a heterogeneous idea that is defined by different publics and people, the powerful and the powerless. In particular, we see how ‘modernity’ is understood in different realms of art, literature, religion, science and law and the philosophical and cultural complexities that surround it. This course complements the core course in Literature called Literature of the Modern: 20th century.