Environmental microbiology is essential for environmental quality analysis of soil, water and other environmental systems. This course will examine microbial communities, their architecture, and role in shaping ecological habitats. After studying this course, students are expected to know about the biological features of microbial world, their diversity, and role in environmental processes that include biogeochemical cycling, food web dynamics, sequestration, bioremediation, and pathogenicity. The students will also obtain basic training in isolating environmental microbes from the samples of interest, their laboratory culture, and identification through tradition and omics approach. Finally, they will learn about the role of bioengineering in constructing microbial colonies of human interest.