Women Workers in India – Labour Force Trends, Occupational Diversification, and Wage Gaps

Azim Premji University,


Understanding the nature of work performed by women in India requires rest of all that we broaden our understanding of what is work, and recognize the different kinds of socially necessary as well as other work. The nature of work and how to capture it in empirical data have indeed been among the most complicated and debated issues in social sciences. This is particularly so in societies where much work occurs in informal, often even very private, settings that can be very hard to identify, let alone measure. The fact that international de nations of work and of economic activity have themselves been changing over time only adds to the complexity.


  • Bidisha Mondal
  • Jayati Ghosh
  • Shiney Chakraborty
  • Sona Mitra