Learning Framework

The National Education Policy (NEP) 2020 released by the Government of India, has given a clear mandate for competency-based education (CBE) to enhance acquisition of critical 21st century skills by the learners. The first determinant for implementing CBE is a curriculum which is aligned to defined learning outcomes and that clearly states the competencies to be achieved. 

The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) has collaborated with Azim Premji University, Bengaluru, to develop the Learning Framework for Science, Mathematics, Social Science, English and Hindi for classes 9 and 10. The Learning Frameworks comprise explicitly stated knowledge, skills and dispositions that an education system should try to achieve. These frameworks would help develop a common shared understanding among teachers, students and other stakeholders and would serve as a common benchmark for teaching, learning and assessment across the country. These frameworks present competencies that are aligned to the CBSE curriculum and the NCERT Learning Outcomes. They further outline samples of pedagogical processes and assessment strategies to encourage curiosity, objectivity, creativity with a view to nurture scientific temper.


This framework would be a key resource for the teacher as he/​she transacts the curriculum. They have been developed to ensure that the teacher aligns the teaching learning to meet the set quality standards and also use it to track learning levels of students. The effort has been to synchronize focus on quality education with uniformity in quality of standards across CBSE schools.


Webinars on Principals’/Teachers’ Consultation for CBSE Learning Standards Frameworks of Classes IX‑X