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Employability of people who have completed training and apprenticeship with ITIs in Maharashtra: 2014 to 2017

People who qualify from ITIs by and large fall into a low-income group. Currently there is insufficient data to understand the employability of the youth completing the courses and apprenticeship from ITIs vis-à-vis needs of the industry.

Better co-ordination between training and factory requirements can ensure that graduating youth are employable as industry invests in them with refresher courses and job-related inputs. However, a gap between passing from ITIs and being employed proves detrimental to their growth.

The study seeks to address issues of livelihood and employment with respect to a section of the vocationally trained workforce by tracking their career trajectory and engaging with ITI principals and key industry personnel. The outcome of the study is to identify and delineate ways in which education can be enhanced to match industry requirements, and disseminate these findings to ITIs, industry, and trainees.



John Almeida is the Principal of Joseph Cardijn Technical School for over twenty years. The Institute trains students in various trades that are recognised by the government as well as short-term customised courses. He is also the Chairperson of the Association of Non-Government Industrial Training Institutes (ANGITI), Maharashtra which has sought to enhance the quality of training of students. He is a Diploma holder in Production Engineering and a Bachelor of Arts with a specialisation in Psychology and Sociology.


Annette Fernandes is a researcher and has led studies in varied social issues. She also has significant experience in participatory research. She has worked closely with school students and has been instrumental in raising consciousness about the need to care for the environment. She has dual Post Graduate degrees in Social Work and Social Research Methods.

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